Talking Archaeology: The Matzhiwin Creek Bison Kill Site
During the A. D. 10th century, a group of Indigenous bison hunters occupied the landscape around Matzhiwin Creek and its confluence with the Red Deer River in southeastern Alberta. The hunters took advantage of the natural topography, driving numerous bison into a trap, dispatching them with arrows, and processing them with stone tools for their meat and hides. Their weaponry and tools consisted of stone materials from sources both local and as far as central Montana and North Dakota. This group carried a few closely spaced and successful hunts where animals were processed not only for their meat and hides, but for the marrow in their long bones as well as the pulp cavities in their mandibles. EfOx-70 and 71 are two designated archaeological sites that consist of a bonebed and a cooking and processing area. This talk will center around the interpretation of archaeological excavation carried out at these sites.
Dale Fisher is a CRM Archaeologist who completed his MA on bison hunting in Alberta. He has an affinity for understanding stone tools and carries this out by replicating them and understanding their sourcing and use throughout Alberta’s Precontact periods.